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Companion plants for tomatoes: Neighbors and crop rotation

 /  Reading time: 10 minutes

Mixed crops in the tomato bed have a number of advantages. When planning, however, you should pay attention to good and bad plant neighbors: because there are also plants that do not harmonize so well with tomato plants. In this article, you can find out what good and bad neighbors are for tomatoes in a mixed culture. You will also find a table below to give you an overview. We have also created a digital bed plan to give you inspiration for your mixed cultivation with tomatoes.

This article contains:

  1. Planting tomatoes in the garden: what tomato plants need
  2. Tomatoes in a mixed crop: good & bad neighborhoods
  3. These plants do not go well with tomatoes
  4. Good neighbors for tomatoes
  5. Herbs and flowers in the tomato patch
  6. Table: Good and bad neighbors for tomatoes
  7. Planting tomatoes in the greenhouse: a planting plan
  8. Succession planting with tomatoes
  9. Crop rotation with tomatoes
  10. Frequently asked questions about tomatoes in mixed cultivation

Quick Overview

Tomatoes in a mixed crop

  • Good neighbors: beans, chili, currants, nasturtium, garlic, celeriac, cabbage, leek, corn, carrots, peppers, lettuce, soybeans, asparagus, spinach, root parsley, onion
  • Bad neighbors: eggplant, pea, fennel, cucumber, potato, lovage, okra, physalis, salsify, sunflower, Jerusalem artichoke

Crop rotation for tomatoes

  • Good pre-crops: lettuce, kohlrabi, radish, radish, mustard, spinach
  • Good secondary crops: beans, radishes, lettuce, spinach, sweet potatoes

Crop rotation in the tomato patch

  • Good crops from the previous year: cabbage, potatoes
  • Tomatoes are self-compatible and are usually always grown in the same location

Planting tomatoes in the garden: what tomato plants need

Tomatoes thrive best in medium-heavy, humus-rich garden soil. If the soil is too heavy, there is a risk of waterlogging and tomatoes don't like that at all! Tomato plants are heavy feeders, so they need a lot of nutrients. Prepare your tomato bed with compost so that there are always enough nutrients available.

Due to their origin, tomatoes are very heat-loving. Therefore, find a sunny, warm and sheltered spot for your tomato plants. It is also important that the plants are covered and not exposed to the weather without protection.

Green, unripe tomato on the plant
Tomato plants don't like being out in the rain. Make sure you find a covered spot. Alternatively, there are also some outdoor varieties that can stand in the rain.

Find the right tomato variety

Tomatoes come in different growth forms. There are bushy growing bush tomatoes and tall vine tomatoes. You can choose a suitable variety depending on the size of the bed and the location. You can read more about "Finding the right tomato variety and sowing tomatoes" in this article.

Tomatoes in a mixed crop: good & bad neighborhoods

Planning your beds with mixed crops follows the principles of organic gardening. In this way, you contribute to healthy plants and a high level of biodiversity for both the plants and the garden inhabitants.

These plants do not go well with tomatoes

  • Tomatoes are less compatible with plants from the same family. Potatoes, eggplants and physalis also belong to the nightshade family(Solanaceae). You should not plant these directly next to your tomatoes.
  • Potatoes and tomatoes are bad neighbors here, as both plants are susceptible to late blight. Infection is therefore very likely.
  • Cucumbers and tomatoes do not make a good mixed crop either. For one thing, they have different growing conditions, which means that one crop inevitably does not have optimal conditions. In addition, both plants are susceptible to mildew , which favors it in your garden . Spider mites are also attracted by this combination.
  • While many other legumes go well with tomatoes, you should not plant peas next to tomatoes. Both plants have similar space requirements and growth habit. In addition, these planting partners inhibit each other's growth through root exudates.
  • Tomatoes also prefer to grow a little further away from fennel, salsify, Jerusalem artichokes and okra.
  • Lovage is generally a solitary plant and should not be planted in a mixed crop. It is said to inhibit the development of other plants. Slow-growing plants in particular suffer from the lush lovage.
  • Sunflowers should also be avoided in the tomato bed as they produce growth-inhibiting substances.

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Peas in the vegetable patch
Peas are not good neighbors for tomatoes. However, you can still plant both plants in the same bed by sowing marigolds between them.

Good neighbors for tomatoes

  • Unlike other plants of their kind, peppers and chilies get along well with tomatoes. However, as both plants are heavy feeders, it is essential that you fertilize enough to prevent the soil from becoming depleted.
  • Various types of cabbage go very well with tomatoes, such as kohlrabi, cauliflower, broccoli, head cabbage and leafy cabbage such as savoy cabbage, Brussels sprouts and Chinese cabbage. Other cruciferous vegetables such as radishes, radishes, pak choi and cress are also good neighbors. Your cabbage plants in particular will benefit from this, as tomatoes keep the caterpillars of the cabbage white butterfly away with their scent!
  • Tomatoes also get on well with various legumes such as soybeans and bush and runner beans. This is a particularly good combination, as tomatoes need a lot of nutrients and legumes make these available in the soil.
  • Very small, ground-covering crops such as lettuce, spinach or various herbs also go well with the usually very stately tomatoes. This reduces water evaporation through the soil, as these crops act as a mulch layer. Their roots also retain water in the upper layers of soil.
  • Root vegetables such as carrots, celeriac and root parsley are also good neighbors for tomatoes. They loosen up the soil nicely and act as drainage. This benefits tomatoes, which do not like waterlogging.
  • Onions, leeks and garlic are particularly good vegetable neighbors for tomatoes. They have a high proportion of essential oils that keep whiteflies and voles away from your bed.
  • You can also combine corn, asparagus, nasturtium and currants with tomatoes.
Mixed culture with leek and tomato
Onion plants such as onions and leeks go very well in tomato beds. They keep pests out of the bed.

Herbs and flowers in the tomato patch

  • Basil and parsley are very useful in a tomato bed. Their essential oils keep pesky aphids and whitefly away from your tomato plants. These herbs also help to prevent mildew, which often attacks tomatoes.
  • Marigolds are always a good choice for mixed cultivation in the vegetable patch. Their flowers attract beneficial insects, while their roots keep away hungry nematodes in the soil.
  • You can also plant mint, mizuna, oregano and chives as neighbors next to your tomatoes.
  • Herbs and flowers have many benefits in the herb bed. Above all, they provide food and habitat for insects and attract beneficial insects to the vegetable garden. At the same time, their essential oils keep many pests away. Some herbs are also said to improve the aroma of vegetable plants. However, this is difficult to prove scientifically.

Table: Good and bad neighbors for tomatoes

Good neighbors Bad neighbors
Asparagus Aubergine
Beans Cucumber
Cabbage Fennel
Carrots Jerusalem artichocke
Celeriac Lovage
Chilli Okra
Currants Peas
Garlic Physalis
Leek Potatoe
Lettuce Salsify
Nasturtium Sunflower
Root parsley

These plant neighborhoods are largely based on experience. In general, the principle in nature is cooperation. So don't hesitate to try out other combinations and find out what works well in your garden!

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Planting tomatoes in the greenhouse: a planting plan

Tomatoes are often grown in greenhouses or foil tunnels in our latitudes. We have therefore created a digital bed plan to give you inspiration for your garden planning. This is what a mixed crop in a greenhouse with tomatoes could look like:

Mixed culture with tomato, digital bed plan
Your greenhouse with tomatoes could look like this. The total bed size is 2 x 3 m/ 2,2 x 3,3 yd with a 20 cm/ 7,9 in wide path in the middle.

What goes well with tomatoes in the greenhouse?

In addition to four different tomato varieties such as 'Green Zebra' or the cocktail tomato 'Sunviva', numerous other plants grow in this greenhouse. You can plant bush beans or chilies between the tall vine tomatoes. They fill the free space perfectly. Beans also fix additional nitrogen in the soil, which benefits the hungry tomatoes.

Now you have enough space in front of the tomato plants that you can fill with other crops. As peppers are often planted in greenhouses in our latitudes, you can plant them in front of the tomatoes. The gaps can be filled with herbs and flowers. Parsley, basil, savory and oregano go well with tomatoes. Marigolds also go well in the tomato patch. These flowering herbs also attract pollinating insects and other beneficial insects. Celery is also a good neighbor for tomatoes. Its strong smell keeps some hungry pests away.

Succession planting with tomatoes

Tomatoes are a very popular crop in the vegetable garden, which we like to plant in our beds as a summer crop. Tomato plants are heat-loving, slow-growing plants that can be kept in the bed for a long time as the main crop.

Our tip: Lamb's lettuce is a great catch crop as it attracts earthworms. This contributes to soil health and is particularly good after a high-yielding crop such as tomatoes.

Good pre-crops and post-crops for tomatoes

Pre-crop Main crop post-crop
Asia lettuce Tomatoes Beans
Kohlrabi Lettuce
Lamb's lettuce Radishes
Mustard Spinach
Radish Sweet potato

Crop rotation with tomatoes

  • Good crops for tomatoes in the previous year are cabbage such as kale, broccoli, savoy cabbage, white cabbage and Brussels sprouts. Tomatoes also benefit from potatoes as the main crop in the previous year, as they loosen up the soil nicely.
  • Tomatoes have the special characteristic that they are very self-compatible. Tomato plants can be grown in the same location for several years without any problems. This is also common practice. However, if you are struggling with diseases, a change of location may help to combat them.

Want to get helpful gardening tips all year round and plan your own beds in the best possible way? Then register here or download the Fryd app for Android or iOS.

Fryd - your digital bed planner

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Marie studied agricultural science at the University of Hohenheim. Her main focus is on ecological agriculture and permaculture. She writes articles for Fryd to educate people about ecological interrelationships and alternatives to current land use. Our current economic systems, especially in agriculture, have numerous negative effects on nature and destabilize our ecosystems. We need a great diversity in our gardens and beds again to counteract the extinction of species. Every gardener can contribute to creating and maintaining habitats and food for a wide variety of creatures. With her articles, she would like to pass on her experience in dealing with natural systems and give people the opportunity to contribute to a stable ecosystem and thus also to securing our livelihood.

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Good neighbors for tomatoes include beans, chilli, currants, garlic, carrots and spinach. You can find out more in the article.

Bad neighbors are eggplant, cucumbers, potatoes and fennel, as they promote diseases or create unfavorable growing conditions.

Mixed crops help to control pests naturally, promote soil health and improve plant diversity.

Good pre-crops include lettuce and kohlrabi, while good post-crops include beans and radishes. Tomatoes can also be grown in the same location for several years.

Have you heard of the Fryd app?

From growing to harvesting - plan your vegetable garden with Fryd

You have a question on this topic?

Post your question in the Fryd‑community and get quick help with any challenges in your garden.

Register for free

You can quickly and easily register for free in our mobile app and use many more features.

These include:

  • Access to our community
  • Free mixed culture bed planning
  • Database with over 3,000 varieties of vegetables

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