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Creating a natural garden: ecological and sustainable gardening

08.07.2022  /  Reading time: 6 minutes

Organic gardening means working with nature and promoting and closing natural cycles regionally. In this article, we will give you an overview of the basic principles for a careful approach to nature and its resources.

This article contains:

  1. Organic gardening: tips for a natural garden
  2. Ecological & organic fertilization
  3. Preventive plant protection instead of control
  4. Mixed crops instead of monocultures
  5. Promote beneficial organisms
  6. Naturally strengthen and protect plants: Nettle manure & Co
  7. Frequently asked questions about creating a natural garden

Quick Overview

Tips for ecological and sustainable gardening

  • Promoting the natural ecosystem in the garden through great biodiversity.
  • Garden with nature instead of against it. Integrate natural cycles into your practice to close them.
  • Fertilize ecologically and organically
  • Maintain and improve soil fertility by using organic fertilizers and avoiding mineral fertilizers or pesticides.
  • Preventive plant protection instead of control through mixed crops, promoting beneficial insects in your garden or natural plant strengthening agents such as nettle slurry or horsetail decoction.

Organic gardening: tips for a natural garden

In times of climate crisis, ecological and sustainable action has become necessary in all areas of life - including gardening. Every gardener should practise conscious use of increasingly scarce resources. At the same time, environmental pollution and contamination caused by nutrients, pollutants and waste must be reduced.

Promoting ecosystems through diversity

Sustainability means preserving the basis of life for future generations without overexploitation. Instead, existing natural resources should be used to an appropriate extent. Sustainable gardening means promoting a healthy ecosystem in your garden. A large biological diversity of flora and fauna is crucial for this. The higher the number of different individuals, the stronger the system's self-regulating mechanisms can work and make your garden more resistant to disease!

Permaculture: gardening with nature

Working with nature and promoting a stable ecosystem through horticultural measures stems from permaculture. You can read more about permaculture in our article on the subject: Permaculture - Gardening in harmony with nature. Provide the widest possible range of food and habitats for wildlife. This includes a year-round flower-rich garden with native early bloomers, fruit trees, perennials, berry-bearing shrubs and wild herbs.

Species-rich garden with pond and caravan.
Ensure the greatest possible diversity of species and structures in your garden. This will create new habitats and food for animals.

Ecological & organic fertilization

You can find all the basics about ecological and organic fertilization in the article on the subject. There are a few things to consider when using (organic) fertilizers correctly. If used incorrectly, you run the risk of over/under-fertilizing your plants and polluting the environment through leached nutrients or emissions.

Maintaining and improving soil fertility

In addition to a high level of biodiversity in the field, an organic farmer or gardener also wants the soil to be as biologically active as possible. This is to maintain and promote the soil's function of "digesting" organic matter and supplying nutrients to the plants. Maintaining and promoting soil fertility is one of the most important goals. This idea is based on the understanding that the soil and the plants that grow on it are an interconnected, open system. This system is susceptible to external influences, which is why plant protection and fertilization measures must be handled consciously and carefully . You can find everything you need to know about your garden soil in this article.

Preventive plant protection instead of control

In organic horticulture, the focus is on good precautions and preventing infestation with so-called pests. If you pay attention to the following points, you can naturally promote plant and soil health:

mixed culture in raised beds
Mixed crops contribute to great biodiversity!

Mixed crops instead of monocultures

When growing mixed crops, plant species are planted next to each other to complement each other and protect each other from pathogens. You can find out how to plan a mixed crop in the vegetable patch and what you need to bear in mind in our article on the subject.

Observe crop rotation and crop rotation

You should take enough time to plan your gardening season, as good preparation can save you a lot of work and trouble later on. In addition to the principles of mixed cultivation, you should also consider crop rotation and crop rotation rules when planning your garden. You can find more information on this in the article"Crop rotation and crop rotation in the vegetable garden". This is an important tool for preventing diseases, especially soil-borne diseases.

Woman kneels in front of bed and plans bed with Fryd.
You can easily plan your beds with Fryd. The principles of mixed cultivation as well as crop rotation and crop rotation rules are adhered to so that you can garden sustainably.

Promote beneficial organisms

Beneficial insects are our little helpers in the regulation of unwanted insects that like to nibble on our vegetable and fruit plants. If you encourage them in your garden, they can keep aphids & co. at bay. To attract beneficial insects, you should sow lots of flowering crops in your garden. Flower strips or the creation of a herb spiral are suitable for this. You can also install overwintering facilities, nesting boxes or insect hotels in your garden to create a habitat that has unfortunately become rare.

If you want to know who the most important beneficial insects in the garden are, take a look at this article. However, it is just as important to know the most common plant pests in the garden. You should know the most important players in your garden so that you can react correctly in the event of an infestation.

Naturally strengthen and protect plants: Nettle manure & Co

  • Plant strengthening agents for more resistant plants. They are designed to increase plant immunity in a natural way. You can read all about natural plant strengthening without chemicals in the article on the subject.
  • Crop protection measures such as crop protection nets, tunnels, slug collars, pheromone traps, glue rings, etc.
  • Regular checks for diseases and pests. You can find out how to deal with an infestation of animal pests in the article on controlling various plant pests.

We hope this article has given you a good overview of the principles and measures of sustainable and organic gardening. And now have fun gardening!

If you have any questions or comments, please write to us at [email protected].

Would you like to receive helpful gardening tips all year round and plan your own beds optimally? Then register here or download the Fryd app for Android or iOS.

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Author

Marie

Marie studied agricultural science at the University of Hohenheim. Her main focus is on ecological agriculture and permaculture. She writes articles for Fryd to educate people about ecological interrelationships and alternatives to current land use. Our current economic systems, especially in agriculture, have numerous negative effects on nature and destabilize our ecosystems. We need a great diversity in our gardens and beds again to counteract the extinction of species. Every gardener can contribute to creating and maintaining habitats and food for a wide variety of creatures. With her articles, she would like to pass on her experience in dealing with natural systems and give people the opportunity to contribute to a stable ecosystem and thus also to securing our livelihood.

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This poor sunflower had such a rough start 😩 But it's getting there 🙂🥰🌻 #therescuedsunflower #dwarfsunflower • (Original condition is on my profile somewhere 🙂)

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A few weeks ago, @zwilling initiated a courageous post on the subject of success/failure in the garden - here's another post on the subject: after my vacation, my raised bed was unfortunately "grazed" because the wildlife had found a hole in the fence... I could really have cried! Strawberry, cucumber, tomato, chard, herbs - everything had been eaten or eaten away. At first I just wanted to throw it away. Let the critters destroy everything! But then we mended the fence that night. And you know what? The beasts tore a new hole in the fence that very night. So we had to mend the fence again, use different material and correct the mistake. So far it seems to be working, but let's wait and see. Sometimes it goes really sh*tty, then my patience is put to the test. But somehow it's also helpful, because now I know where my fence has weak points. I'll do better next time. So for all of you who are despairing about snails, rain, mosaic virus or whatever - don't let it get you down! We have this great community here to share that too. So bring on the horror stories! 😉

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FAQ

Ecological gardening means working with nature and its cycles, using resources sparingly and in an environmentally friendly way.

A high level of biodiversity strengthens the garden's ecosystem, makes it more resistant to disease and promotes self-regulating mechanisms.

Ecological fertilization requires the preservation of soil fertility and the conscious use of organic fertilizers in order to avoid over- or undersupply of the plants and to reduce environmental pollution.

Preventive plant protection in organic horticulture focuses on the prevention of pest infestation through healthy plants and soil, mixed cultivation and the promotion of beneficial insects instead of the use of chemical agents.

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