Potato

Potato

Solanum tuberosum

Plant family

Nachtschattengewächse (Solanaceae) (Solanaceae)

Season Overview

Propagating

Planting

Harvest

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Details

Light requirement

Sunny

Water requirement

Wet

Soil

Light (sandy)

Nutrient requirement

High

Seeding distance

35 cm

Row spacing

65 cm

Seeding depth

10 cm

Instructions

Beginning of April

Propagating

End of April

Weeding

Every week

End of April

Planting

Mid of May

Fertilizing

Every four Weeks

Mid of May

Pile up

Every two Weeks

Description

The potato is a herbaceous, fast-growing nightshade plant with many different varieties. These differ in tuber size, shape and color, harvest time (early and late potatoes) and direction of use (from firm to floury).

Origin:

High Andes and coastal region of Chile

Growing tips

The potato is a heavy grower and prefers deep and nutrient-rich soil without waterlogging in a moderate, sunny climate. Seed potatoes should be pre-sprouted about 4 weeks before the planting date, e.g. in an egg box in a bright place without direct sun. You should keep the seed potatoes warm until they sprout, then they can sprout further in a cooler place. This sequence encourages the formation of many large potatoes. As soon as the tuber formation begins, the potato plants need a lot of water. However, you should avoid waterlogging at all costs. Piling soil around the plants several times during tuber formation ensures that more tubers can form.

Diseases

Black Spotting

Soft Rot

Late Blight / Potato and Tomato Blight

Pests

Colorado Potato Beetle

Nematodes

Aphids