Broccoli

Broccoli

Brassica oleracea var. italica

Plant family

Kreuzblütler (Brassicaceae) (Brassicaceae)

Season Overview

Propagating

Planting

Harvest

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Details

Light requirement

Sunny

Water requirement

Very humid

Soil

Medium (loamy)

Nutrient requirement

High

Seeding distance

45 cm

Row spacing

45 cm

Seeding depth

1.5 cm

Instructions

Beginning of April

Transplanting

End of April

Harden

Beginning of May

Weeding

Every week

Beginning of May

Pest protection

Beginning of May

Planting

Description

Broccoli is a rather demanding crop from the cruciferous family and is closely related to cauliflower. Edible parts of the plant are the flower buds, small side shoots can also be harvested. Varieties differ in color (green, purple) and size. Typically planted in spring and harvested in summer, but fall and winter cultivation is also possible.

Origin:

Asia Minor

Growing tips

Prefers humic, calcareous, deep, somewhat heavy soil in a sunny location. Even watering and nutrient supply during growth are important. When planting seedlings, the soil should be moist and you should water the seedlings well. You can cut off the closed inflorescences with a stem about 10 cm long. Broccoli can be harvested into the winter, as it can tolerate sub-zero temperatures. However, the plants will still be happy if you cover them with a fleece.

Diseases

Clubroot

Pests

Cabbage Fly

Aphids

Diamondback Moth