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Companion planting with beetroot: Good neighbors & bad neighbors

14.09.2022  /  Reading time: 8 minutes

Beetroot is a good neighbor in a mixed culture and gets along well with some vegetable plants. In this article, you will find out which plants are good neighbors or bad neighbors for beetroot. We also explain what you need to bear in mind when it comes to succession planting and crop rotation. There is also a planting plan for a mixed crop with beetroot as inspiration for your bed planning.

This article contains:

  1. Growing beetroot - location & soil
  2. Companion planting with beetroot - What goes well with beetroot?
  3. Good neighbors for beetroot
  4. These plants are not good neighbors for beetroot
  5. Table: Good & bad neighbors of beetroot
  6. Mixed crop planting plan: planting beetroot
  7. Succession planting with beetroot
  8. Crop rotation with beet
  9. Frequently asked questions: Mixed cultivation with beetroot

Quick Overview

Beetroot in mixed cultivation

  • Good neighbors: marigolds, tagetes, sunflower, beans, peas, spring onions, cucumber, garlic, cabbage, savory, oregano, dill, caraway, parsnip, radishes, radish, lettuce, root parsley, zucchini, onion
  • Bad neighbors: eggplant, chilli, potatoes, leek, corn, chard, carrots, peppers, parsley, chives, spinach, tomatoes

Succession planting with beetroot

  • Beetroot is a medium-feeder
  • Strong or weak growers are suitable as pre and post-crops
  • Suitable secondary crops are e.g. flower or green cabbage or winter salads such as Asian salads or lamb's lettuce
  • Good crop rotation element, as chenopodiaceae do not include many cultivated plants. This brings variety to the crop rotation.

Crop rotation with beetroot

  • Take a cultivation break of about 4 years!

Growing beetroot - location & soil

Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) is part of the goosefoot family(Chenopodiaceae). This family includes plants such as spinach and chard, which are descended from the wild beet.

Beetroot is a medium feeder and therefore does not require a high nutrient supply. The soil structure is much more important. Beetroot likes to grow in loose, humus-rich soil that is evenly moist. If the water supply is irregular, the tubers will become woody or burst. Choose a sunny to semi-shady spot in the bed.

Beet leaves
Beet and chard come from the same plant family. This is why these two plants look very similar.

Companion planting with beetroot - What goes well with beetroot?

As beetroot doesn't need that many nutrients, it is ideal for a mixed crop. You can combine it with both high-yielding and low-yielding plants. The list of suitable neighbors is long. With its moderate growth, it does not overgrow other crops and can be well complemented with ground-covering and tall-growing crops. However, make sure that it does not get lost in the shade of other crops.


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Good neighbors for beetroot

  • Cabbage and beetroot is a good planting combination. Beetroot goes well with all kinds of cabbage: kale, kohlrabi, palm cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, chinese cabbage, white and red cabbage, savoy cabbage and brussels sprouts. Cabbage has an extensive root system, which loosens the soil deeply and thus improves it. This benefits the growth of beetroot.
  • The same applies to plants from the Raphanus genus (radishes and radish) . These are also root vegetables. They also keep pests such as snails away from your bed thanks to their strong scent.
  • Plants from the pumpkin family such as zucchini and cucumber are also good neighbors for beetroot. These plants have large leaves with which they protect the soil from drying out.
  • Plants of the leek genus such as garlic, onions and spring onions go well next to beetroot. They keep pests away from the bed with their strong odor and thus contribute to good plant health. Garlic is particularly effective against voles, which like to nibble on beet tubers.
Companion planting with beetroot and onions
You can plant beet and onions together. They make good neighbors. Image by andreas160578 on Pixabay
  • Lettuce is also a suitable neighbor for beetroot in the bed. It is said to improve the flavor of the beetroot.
  • Beans are also good neighbors for beetroot. Field beans, soybeans and bush beans are particularly suitable. Runner beans can also be planted next to beetroot, but you should make sure that the beet still gets enough light. Peas and beetroot also go well next to each other.
  • Planting root vegetables such as root parsley or parsnip together with beetroot is a good idea. They have similar site requirements. The beets of these plants also loosen up the soil, which improves the growth of the beetroot.
  • Flowers are always a good idea in mixed cultivation. They bring many benefits that you can use to your advantage. For example, they attract beneficial insects. Many flowers also contribute to soil health. Marigold, for example, keeps pesky nematodes away from the soil. In addition to beetroot, sunflowers and marigolds also go well with tagetes.
  • Herbs are also good intercropping partners. Savory, dill, oregano and caraway are good neighbors for beetroot. Herbs in the vegetable patch are said to improve the flavor of the vegetables. Dill also promotes growth and increases the germination rate.
Marigolds and beetroot in a mixed crop
Marigolds are always a good choice for your mixed crop because they maintain soil health. Image by Reginal on Pixabay

These plants are not good neighbors for beetroot

  • Nightshade plants (Solanaceae) such as eggplant, chili, peppers, tomatoes and potatoes are not good neighbors for beetroot.
  • The same applies to other plants in the goosefoot family (Chenopodiaceae). Therefore, do not plant spinach or chard next to beetroot, as this encourages disease or pest infestation.
  • Leeks and chives should not be planted next to beetroot.
  • Corn is also not a good neighbor in a mixed crop with beetroot. It grows lushly upwards and thus shades the beetroot.
  • Planting carrots and beetroot together is also not a good idea.
  • You should look for a different spot in the bed for parsley than next to the beetroot. These two plants do not get on well together.

Table: Good & bad neighbors of beetroot

Good neighbors Bad neighbors
Beans Aubergine
Courgettes Carrots
Cucumber Chard
Cabbage Chives
Flowers such as marigolds, tagetes and sunflower Chili
Garlic Leek
Herbs such as savory, dill or oregano Parsley
Lettuce Peppers
Peas Potatoes
Rarsnips Spinach
Radish and radishes Sweetcorn
Root parsley Tomatoes
Spring onions

Mixed crop planting plan: planting beetroot

Bed plan - Mixed culture beet
Bed size 120 x 200 cm

In this mixed crop , beetroot stands alongside kohlrabi and savoy cabbage. Herbs such as oregano go well next to beetroot. Peas also fit perfectly in this bed, as savoy cabbage is a hungry plant. Lettuce of your choice will grow next to the kohlrabi. And you can sow a row of parsnips at the bottom of the bed.

Succession planting with beetroot

Beetroot is a medium-feeder. Therefore, you can plant heavy feeders before or after the beetroot. A suitable subsequent crop would be a hardy cauliflower variety or kale, for example. Instead, you can, of course, sow low-yielding plants such as winter lettuce.

As the chenopodiaceae family does not produce that many crops, these crops are good crop rotation members, as adapted pests do not have it so easy due to the different plant family. This brings variety to your crop rotation and contributes to soil health. You can find out how to plan a good succession plan in this article.

Crop rotation with beet

When planning your crop rotation, make sure that you keep a cultivation break of 4 years from other goosefoot plants. If you grow vegetables from the same family in the same place for several years in a row, specific pathogens can become established. A varied crop rotation, on the other hand, keeps your garden healthy. You can find out how to successfully plan a crop rotation in our article on the subject.


If you have any questions or comments, please write to us at [email protected].

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Titelbild von Svetlana auf Pixabay

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Author

Marie

Marie studied agricultural science at the University of Hohenheim. Her main focus is on ecological agriculture and permaculture. She writes articles for Fryd to educate people about ecological interrelationships and alternatives to current land use. Our current economic systems, especially in agriculture, have numerous negative effects on nature and destabilize our ecosystems. We need a great diversity in our gardens and beds again to counteract the extinction of species. Every gardener can contribute to creating and maintaining habitats and food for a wide variety of creatures. With her articles, she would like to pass on her experience in dealing with natural systems and give people the opportunity to contribute to a stable ecosystem and thus also to securing our livelihood.

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FAQ

Beetroot is a medium-feeder and does not require a high nutrient supply. You can therefore plant strong and weak growers before or after the beet.

Yes, plants of the leek genus such as garlic, onions and spring onions go well next to beetroot. They keep pests away from the bed with their strong smell and thus contribute to good plant health.

No, planting carrots and beetroot together is not a good idea. The root vegetables will get in each other's way as they grow. Instead, you can plant root parsley or parsnips next to beet.

Good neighbors include marigolds, marigolds, sunflowers, beans, peas, spring onions, cucumber, garlic, cabbage, savory, oregano, dill, caraway, parsnips, radish, radishes, lettuce, root parsley, zucchini and onions.

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