Chickpea

Chickpea

Cicer arietinum

Plant family

Hülsenfrüchtler (Fabaceae) (Fabaceae)

Season Overview

Propagating

Planting

Harvest

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Details

Light requirement

Sunny

Water requirement

Dry

Soil

Light (sandy)

Nutrient requirement

Low

Seeding distance

20 cm

Row spacing

30 cm

Seeding depth

3 cm

Instructions

The season for this plant has not yet begun. The following instructions are for the beginning season.

End of April

Sowing

End of April

Cover

Every week

Beginning of May

Thinning

Description

Chickpea is a species of crop in the legume family. The annual plant reaches heights of up to 1 meter. On it grow the pods, which are about 3 cm in size. In them: 2 seeds, which we know as chickpeas. The chickpea is very frugal. Although it is cultivated more in subtropical areas, it is possible to grow it also in our latitudes. There are two groups of chickpeas. Kabuli are slightly larger, beige chickpeas. Desi, on the other hand, are darker, smaller and yellow inside. Here, the Kabuli type is more preferred. Like other legumes, it is a good green manure, as it accumulates nitrogen in the soil.

Origin:

At least 8,000 years ago, cultivation begins in Asia Minor. From there it reaches the Mediterranean region and India.

Growing tips

In the Central European climate, it takes an average of 90 to 100 days until harvest. Therefore, the earlier the better! Start with a cultivation in the middle / end of April. Direct sowing outdoors is possible from mid-May, after the last night frost. Chickpea likes light and loose soil. Loosen the soil before sowing or planting the seedlings. To prevent unwanted herbs, a layer of mulch helps. If one or the other herb does make it, you should weed it. About 8 to 12 weeks after sowing the plants are ready for harvest. You can tell by the yellow color of the pods. Take the whole plant out of the ground and hang it upside down. This will allow the seeds to ripen and dry. How easily the seeds fall out of the pod depends on the variety. These dried chickpeas can then be stored for 4 to 5 years.

Diseases

No diseases

Pests

Pea Aphid

Olive Brown Pea Moth

Leaf Beetle